haggai 2:9 commentary
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haggai 2:9 commentary

haggai 2:9 commentary

(I know) how you see it now. ‘And in this place I will grant peace,’ declares the LORD Almighty.” in this place  …  peace — namely, at Jerusalem, the metropolis of the kingdom of God, whose seat was the temple: where Messiah “made peace through the blood of His cross” (Colossians 1:20). As Haggai offers encouragement, he singles out the leaders and the people using the same word in every instance. Between this third utterance and the fourth (Haggai 2:10-19) intervenes Zechariah’s exhortation to repentance (Zechariah 1:2-6) uttered in the eighth month. The cardinal distinction must have consisted in the more spiritual character which life, and faith, and worship assumed in the best times of Judaism after the Restoration, the Temple being of course understood to represent then, as of old, the theocratic community of which it was the centre. I. "In this place ..." As Keil accurately pointed out, "This place is not the temple, but the city of Jerusalem,"[19] from which place the word of the Lord went forth from Mount Zion. The author of this peace, and the way in which he will give it. ), are treated as one "house"-- the "house of the Lord," since they all profess to be that. IV. Those employed for God may be driven from their work by a storm, yet they must go back to it. This message also looked back to the, "Greater shall he the last glory of this house than the first", "In this place is one [or, literally, a something greater, meizon (, "made peace through the blood of His cross", John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. According to the covenant . The nature, source, and means of spiritual, peace. The details of the community given in Haggai suggest either an asset the community already possesses or needs to possess. The treasure of the nations appears as silver and gold in verse 8 and will contribute to the improved magnificence of the temple (Haggai 2:9). He sailed upon the stormy waves, and said to them, “Peace be still.” And so throughout His life. Haggai 2:7 plainly connects the filling of God's house with glory to the prior fact of the "Desire of all nations" having been brought into it; and "the desirable things" of all nations such as their wealth, their gold and silver, could not in any sense be viewed as "the glory" of God's house. ; and, while we must accept the grammatical logic of this, it could very well be that the translators have been too much influenced by the Septuagint (LXX) in this place. The motivation that Haggai lays out consistently points to God’s activities. While we know little about the person named Haggai, the book boasts the successful completion of work on the temple in the restoration period. The ‘latter house’ is ever in this respect more glorious than ‘the former.’ Of what a history of God’s providence and grace are we who live in these latter days cognisant! 8 The silver is mine, and the gold is mine, saith the LORD of hosts. But since the book is small, we can take a quick tour through the two chapters to see how 2:1–9 fits into the lay of the land. Haggai 2:9 KJV The glory of this latter house shall be greater than of the former, saith the LORD of hosts: and in this place will I give peace, saith the LORD of hosts. Be strong (Zerubbabel, Joshua, and people) Work. Haggai 2:9 Context. Haggai 1:15b-2:9 Commentary by Walter C. Bouzard Haggai is dangerous. The reader should immediately recognize the ambiguity of the date, the second year of Darius, in relation to the two surrounding events. Haggai brings to a climax this section of encouragement by explicitly stating that the later glory of this house would be greater than the former (vv. No entry exists in Forerunner Commentary for Haggai 2:9. The completion of the temple will be marked by an earth-shaking event that shall signal to the nations of the world to come to the temple (verses 6-7). Haggai reproves the Jews for neglecting the temple. . “He is our peace” (Ephesians 2:14). The first temple was burnt by the Chaldees, and the wall of Jerusalem was broken down, and the people carried captive to Babylon, and it was more than fifty years after that the foundation of the second house was laid. He called them to reverence and glorify God by building the Temple in spite of local and official opposition. The Hebrew prophet Haggai wrote about B.C. . The latter house resounded with a clearer and grander message than the former.—In the former the worshipper spelt out the message of reconciliation and restored communion with fallen man by the help of bleeding victims and emblematic feasts; in the latter, the Saviour Himself cried—‘If any man thirst, let him come unto Me and drink.’ And the apostles went thither and ‘preached all the words of this life.’ And to us of these latter times is the word of this salvation sent; and this is a message which makes the rudest barn more truly glorious than the first Temple in all its magnificence. The latter house resounded with a clearer and grander message than the former. The new Temple, the Church, would far surpass the temples of Jerusalem. Before that time they were ever lapsing into it; and reformers, such as the good King Josiah, had to purge the very Temple itself of idols and idolatrous altars. ‘The glory of this present house will be greater than the glory of the former house,’ says the LORD Almighty. But it is said that the glory of this latter house shall be greater than of the former. 1 Tim Meadowcroft, Haggai (Readings: A New Biblical Commentary; Sheffield Phoenix, 2006), 157. When this is witnessed to the soul by the Spirit of God the enmity is removed, or the will is subdued, and the affections are brought into captivity to the obedience of Christ. Dhinakaran and led by Dr. Paul Dhinakaran. I. (translation: Tagalog: Ang Dating Biblia (1905)) 6 For thus saith the LORD of hosts; Yet once, it is a little while, and I will shake the heavens, and the earth, and the sea, and the dry land; 7 And I will shake all nations, and the desire of all nations shall come: and I will fill this house with glory, saith the LORD of hosts. Christ made peace on his cross, preached or published it to the world, and gives it to them by the power of his Spirit. This is the only Lectionary reading from the book of Haggai in the three year cycle of the Revised Common Lectionary.In some ways that is unfortunate, especially since the reading chosen, even though it is part of the sequence of semi-continuous prophetic readings for Kingdomtide, fits more with the approach of Advent than it does … We have already seen that the true meaning of all that Haggai said was that the glory of Christianity should far outshine the glory of Judaism. This latter house, which poor captives and feudatory governors do build, this second temple: the prophet speaks of it as if it were already a house, whereas it was now to be built. III. Archbishop Thomson, Lincoln's Inn Sermons, p. 390. 5-9). Before leaving this wonderful Messianic prophecy, we must call attention to the rendition of the KJV in Haggai 2:7, which reads: In every way, this translation is far more suitable than subsequent renditions. The infidel boasts that he can give peace. 8 The silver is mine, and the gold is mine, saith the LORD of hosts. In this case the question, whether the temple of tiered was a different material building from that of Zerubbabel, falls away. God calleth us to peace” 1 Corinthians 7:15 in the Gospel Romans 5:1, “being justified by faith, we have peace with God through Jesus Christ our Lord Galatians 5:22, the fruit of the Spirit is love joy peace.” Spiritual peace being thus prominent in the Gospel and in prophecy, as the gift of God, it were unnatural to explain the peace which God promised here to give, as other than He promised elsewhere; peace in Him who is “our peace, Jesus Christ.”, “Peace and tranquility of mind is above all glory of the house; because peace passeth all understanding. The Arabic version adds, "peace of soul, I say, to be possessed by everyone that labours to raise up this temple.'. Then, let all the occasions of your life, all the changes which you experience, be sanctified in the place where He, according to His promise, is sure to be found. The people honor God through the temple precisely because they have experienced God's promises in history in events like the exodus and the restoration to the land." Haggai 2:6-9 The Desire of the Nations . when the Babylonians, led by Nebuchadnezzar, sacked Jerusalem, destroyed the temple, killed many of … Hebrews 1:2), and who said of Himself, "In this place is one [or, literally, a something greater, meizon (Greek #3185): the indefiniteness marking the infinite vastness whereby He is] greater than the temple" (Matthew 12:6), and who "sat daily teaching in it" (Matthew 26:55). (1-11) He promises God's assistance to them. Jesus Calls serves to bring comfort and healing to the broken hearted without distinction through prayer offered all 24/7 throughout the year. The glory of this latter house shall be greater than of the former] Because Christ shall appear and preach in it, {as Haggai 2:7} who is the brightness of his Father’s glory, ac consequenter urbis et orbis; any relation to whom heighteneth and ennobleth both places and persons. He is “the repairer of the breach,” the way, the truth, the life, the door which leadeth unto the Father. “The glory of Lebanon will come to you, the juniper, the fir and the cypress together, to adorn my sanctuary; and I will glorify the place for my feet. Into the nature of the peace here spoken of. The latter house was the house of a purer worship than the former. Our own works cannot purchase it, nor reconcile us to God. God fills the temple with glory and God provides prosperity (verse 7b). Haggai’s preferred expression, “the Lord of hosts” (the archaic term “hosts” is better read as “armies”), reflects the confidence of the temple as the site of a powerful militaristic God. (Read Haggai 2:1-9) Those who are hearty in the Lord's service shall receive encouragement to proceed. Tell this story of a people trying to rebuild their lives and determine where God is in the midst of it. For that reason Christ purified the temple of His day, erected though it was by an Idumean usurper to please the Jews. It remains, that what gave it the greater glory was the personal presence of the Messiah in it, his doctrines, and his miracles: in this place will I give peace, saith the Lord of hosts; not temporal peace, for there was little of that during the second temple; witness the times of the Maccabees, and the wars with the Romans; but spiritual peace, through the blood and righteousness of Christ; peace with God; reconciliation for sin, through the sacrifice of the Son of God, in whom he is well pleased; yea, Christ himself may be meant, the Prince of peace, the Man the peace, who is our peace, Isaiah 9:6 the author of peace between God and men, between Jew and Gentile; the giver of spiritual and eternal peace: him the Lord gave, "put", and set in this place, the temple, as before observed; and where the Gospel of peace was preached, and from whence it went forth into all the world. Yet God assures them that the glory of the latter house should far exceed that of the former. And yet God told them to be strong and work, for He was with them. Peace — A spiritual, internal, and heavenly peace. Haggai 2:9 Context. And though it is said that the building which Herod made, was exceeding beautiful and rich, we should not think that it was in its beauty like to the house which Solomon built. A peaceful, serene, tranquil frame of mind; and peace with all men. I. I. Haggai presses the point of divine honor further by opening up before the eyes of the community what the completed temple would mean for God’s role in the world. Message given Sunday, January 15, 2017 by Pastor Josh Black at Calvary Chapel Canyon Hills in Lake Elsinore, CA. Commentary, Haggai 1:15b-2:9, Steed Davidson, Preaching This Week, WorkingPreacher.org, 2013. . When we serve God, Who is a Spirit, in spirit and in truth, the humblest cabin in which we may worship is lighted by purer and richer glory than the first Temple in its palmiest days. The work of the people serves as an expression of God’s work among them. Micah 5:5. It is His promise concerning His sanctuary. That certainly has not described the history of Jerusalem and the Temple Mount of any age since Haggai wrote. This verse lays out a correlation between the temple and full flourishing (NRSV, “prosperity,” KJV “peace) that can too easily be interpreted as a causal relationship. The future Haggai consists of the restored temple and God’s promise of prosperity (verse 9). Synagogues were established, the people having learnt at Babylon that God’s Presence might be enjoyed in their assemblies in any place or circumstances. As Wiseman noted, "There was a first fulfillment soon after Haggai wrote, but not completely until Christ's reign."[13]. There was much, it is true, to sadden them. The Lord also promised to bring peace to the site of the temple, Jerusalem. Ganz Tzemach David, par. 2. Really. This is the only Lectionary reading from the book of Haggai in the three year cycle of the Revised Common Lectionary.In some ways that is unfortunate, especially since the reading chosen, even though it is part of the sequence of semi-continuous prophetic readings for Kingdomtide, fits more with the approach of Advent than it does … Hieros. Bava Bathra, fol. 1. fol. For what the wise of blessed memory have said of the beauty of the house of Herod is in relation to the house which Zerubbabel built. Not satisfied with an incomplete project or half-hearted measures, Haggai pushes the community to offer its best to God. For I am with you . It cannot be the portion of the unbeliever. Virtually all students of Haggai agree that 2:1-9 (or 1:15b-2:9) constitutes a single and undivided oracle, though there is difference of opinion as to its placement in the book. declares the LORD Almighty. The hazard stems from the fact that Haggai’s message is all too easily twisted into a message ripe for preachers of the so-called “prosperity gospel” and for those who have too long listened to them. The way Haggai motivates the Jews to build the temple of God has a powerful application to our own efforts to build the Church of God. (1-11) He promises God's assistance to them. "Peace" for mankind never yet came out of a Jewish temple. The Lord used the occasion of the feast of Tabernacles to encourage the builders of the temple in Haggai"s day. God performs the earth-shaking function (verse 6) that results in the arrival of the nations’ treasures (verse 7a). A. Haggai was a post-exile returnee to the land of Israel whose main ministry was to encourage the people to rebuild the Temple in Jerusalem and to let them know that God was with them and would help them. The peace for which we are seeking is far removed from servile fear and bondage, and has in it the very spirit of a child. Rites and ceremonies retired more into the background; and prayer began to assume its true place in public worship. The new sanctuary is regarded as identical with that reared by Solomon. Haggai 2. Home >> Bible Studies >> Haggai >> Haggai 2:1-9 These small group studies of Haggai contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, teaching points, and applications. 1. "The work of the people serves as an expression of God's work among them. Now this cannot be said because Jesus Christ made his personal appearance in that temple, or rather in that built by Herod; for, though we allow that Jesus Christ is equal with God, we do not grant that he is greater. While we know little about the person named Haggai, the book boasts the successful completion of work on the temple in the restoration period. Author: Haggai 1:1 identifies the author of the Book of Haggai as the Prophet Haggai. Haggai 2:9 "The glory of this latter house shall be greater than of the former, saith the LORD of hosts: and in this place will I give peace, saith the LORD of hosts." 1 In the seventh [month], on the twenty-first of the month, the word of the Lord came through Haggai the … Jehovah would not manifest Himself in the same degree as He had before to a people who were suffering the punishment of their backslidings; and the house they had built Him was but a poor copy of the temple that had perished. ‘The latter glory of this house will be greater than the former,' says the Lord of hosts, ‘and in this place I will give peace,' declares the Lord of hosts. saith he. Commentary on Haggai 2:10-19 (Read Haggai 2:10-19) Many spoiled this good work, by going about it with unholy hearts and hands, and were likely to gain no advantage by it. One day he had completed his 10,000th experiment only … The tribe of Naphtali is first reckoned of those by Rachel’s side; because at Capernaum, in this tribe, Christ inhabited, Revelation 7:6, in which respect also this town is said to be lifted up to heaven, Matthew 11:2-3. Now the first temple was the dwelling-place of God: here he manifested his glory between the cherubim, and it was his constant residence for more than four hundred years. This was the glorious prospect lifted up before those who, coming back from the captivity of Zion, set to work on the restoration of that temple which they had never forgotten in a strange land. He called the people to 'consider your ways' and to … That exile began in 587 B.C. Though His presence, realised even in common life, keeps us peaceful in the midst of strife, yet there is a special calm about His house which gives us pause and refreshment after we have striven, and before we go again into conflict--a calm which bids us, on the Lord’s day and in the Lord’s house, set aside all thoughts of party, all the bitterness of controversy, and, instead, pray for one another, that thus, as far as lieth in us, we may live peaceably with all men. Why?' Biblical Commentary Haggai 1:15b – 2:9 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Haggai is a post-exilic prophet, serving during the period following the Babylonian Exile. To make this read "prosperity" is ridiculous, for the present-day meaning of "prosperity" leaves out of sight all the higher significance of the passage. Haggai 2:6-9 The Desire of the Nations . .," p421.]. .—Better, The latter glory of this house shall be greater than the former. Solomon. Will I give peace; a spiritual, internal, and heavenly peace, in pardoning guilt and destroying sin, which displeaseth God, and disquieteth man himself. Not as a casual guest does Christ seek to enter our hearts; He seeks to come in and abide with us—to be with us always, even to the end of the world. Commentaries for Haggai Chapter 2 Greater glory promised to the second temple than to the first. He Himself is in the midst of us. In this flesh of ours, and under this second temple, Christ not only uttered oracles, did miracles, and finished the great work of our redemption, but also laid the foundation of the Christian Church. To comfort those distressed by the poverty of the house of God which they were building, God promises a glory to this house greater than before. Haggai reminds us not to be discouraged by outward appearance as the best is yet to come. As “Shiloh” (Genesis 49:10) means peace, this verse confirms the view that Haggai 2:7, “the desire of all nations,” refers to Shiloh or Messiah, foretold in Genesis 49:10. Christ is here, so here is liberty and light, here is strength and comfort. The glory of this latter house shall be greater than of the former, saith the LORD of hosts: and in this place will I give peace, saith the LORD of hosts. Despite our preference for the KJV in this verse, the commentary above is written upon our version (ASV) and interpreted accordingly. Haggai 1:15b – 2:9 "The latter glory of this house will be greater than the former," says Yahweh of Armies; "and in this place will I give peace," says Yahweh of Armies. The Jews were taught to entertain new and more spiritual ideas of what it was in which the true glory of God’s house consisted,--that it was not in the grandeur of its elevation, nor the beauty of its decorations, nor the costliness of its furniture, though wrought in gold of Ophir, but in the presence of God there, and in the communication of peace to the contrite and humble spirit. There are systems full of error which, nevertheless, hold out fair promises of peace, and pretend that they alone can secure its possession. That Son of God was made a human babe, and the angels sang, “On earth peace.” He grew to manhood, and always, though with warnings mingled, He spake of peace. He keeps us secretly in His tabernacle from the strife of tongues. T. Bab. "For the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth," John 1:14. As regards material splendour that would never be. This writer does not claim any competence to decide such a question of Hebrew grammar; but, upon the unequivocal analysis of such a scholar as Feinberg (Dean, and Professor of Semitics, Talbot Theological Seminary, La Mirada, California), which, as far as we are able to determine is not contradicted by any authority whatever, we must in conscience receive the rendition which, to us, is clearly demanded by the entire context. The kingdom of God is joy and peace Ephesians 2:14-15, Ephesians 2:17; Christ is our peace; made peace; preaches peace. Biblical Commentary; Español Comentario; Sermons; Children’s Sermons; Hymns; Haggai Dick Donovan 2019-08-28T16:44:46-07:00. Benson.). First, peace between God and man, then between man and God, then between man and man (Isaiah 2:4; Hosea 2:18; Zechariah 9:1-17; Zechariah 10:1-12). For more technical commentaries dealing with exegetical issues, consider Pieter Verhoef’s contribution in the NICOT series or Thomas E. McComiskey’s 3-volume series on the Minor Prophets, where Alec Moytner contributes to the chapter dealing with Haggai. The glory, which God intends to put upon this temple. Reading Job from the perspective of the character evaluation given in James 5:11, other religious texts, and the popular imagination presents us with one version of Job. What is the peace here spoken of? These words refer to the first and the second temple at Jerusalem. 520-516) after the Babylonian Exile. Haggai’s words do more than offer a “build it and they will come” encouragement as seen in the movie Field of Dreams. the excelling glory did not lie in the fabric; when the foundation of it was laid, the old men wept, because it came so short of the other; and, as the building rose, it was in their eyes as nothing; who were better judges than later Jews, who magnify the building of the second temple; depending upon the authority of Josephus ben Gorion, who is not to be trusted: nor did it lie in the duration of it, it continuing ten years longer, they sayF15T. 6 For thus saith the LORD of hosts; Yet once, it is a little while, and I will shake the heavens, and the earth, and the sea, and the dry land; 7 And I will shake all nations, and the desire of all nations shall come: and I will fill this house with glory, saith the LORD of hosts. ‘The glory of this latter house shall be greater than of the former, saith the Lord of Hosts.’, The old men, whose memory could stretch back some seventy years, saw in their fond imagination the wonderful pile of Solomon’s Temple shining in gold, which borrowed richer hues than its own from the heart that had treasured during all these years the holy vision. The Gospel is described as Zechariah 9:10 “shall speak peace to the Pagan;” He himself should be “our peace” Micah 5:5. “The latter glory of this house shall be greater than the former, saith the Lord of hosts: and in this place I will give peace.” Five centuries passed away, and all the nations were in expectation; and all the nations happened by Divine appointment to be at peace. The glory of their nation had passed away. III. III. It shall have a claim to celebrity unrivalled even in the palmiest days of olden time, when Jehovah shall turn the attention of all nations to His sacred place, as predicted in Haggai 2:6-7. God has said that His glory He will not give to graven images; and as a small cloud can hide for a time the glory of the sun, so the dark sin of idolatry obscured to a great extent the glory of God in His own house. Readers need to hear Haggai speaking in real time as opposed to either a generic time or abstract eschatological moment.

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