british overseas territories list
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british overseas territories list

british overseas territories list

Bahamian dollar (accepted unofficially in the Turks and Caicos Islands)[citation needed], Eastern Caribbean dollar (pegged to US dollar at 2.7ECD=1USD), Bermudian dollar (parity with US dollar) [86], The three regions of biodiversity hotspots situated in the British Overseas Territories are the Caribbean Islands, the Mediterranean Basin and the Oceania ecozone in the Pacific. George Town in the Cayman Islands has consequently become the largest city in the Overseas Territories. The Legendary Pitcairn Islands", "St Helena, Ascension, Tristan da Cunha profiles", "South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands", "Population of Grytviken, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands", "Turks and Caicos Islands Population 2019", "Global Britain and the British Overseas Territories: Resetting the relationship", "Government – Isle of Man Public Services", "Newfoundland History – Early Colonization and Settlement of Newfoundland", "In the Eye of All Trade: Bermuda, Bermudians, and the Maritime Atlantic World, 1680-1783", "House of Commons - Foreign Affairs - Seventh Report", "Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Constitution Order 2009 (at OPSI)", "LibGuides: United Kingdom Legal Research: British External Territories", "Overseas Territories Joint Ministerial Council 2015 Communique and Progress Report - Publications - GOV.UK", "Britain and the British Antarctic Territory in the wider geopolitics of the Antarctic and the Southern Ocean", "The Overseas Territories: security, success and sustainability", British financial officials in the region for talks with dependent territories, "MP proposes British Overseas Territories be represented in Westminster – MercoPress", "Lib Dems would create an MP for Gibraltar", "UKIP leader defends call for Gibraltar to become part of Britain - Xinhua - English.news.cn", "UK Government White Paper on Overseas Territories, June, 2012. Phillips Idowu tracked down... in Team GB photo – Olympic News", "About the Biodiversity of the UK Overseas Territories", "Science: UK Overseas Territories: Biodiversity", "Turks and Caicos Islands – UNESCO World Heritage Centre", "Island of St Helena – UNESCO World Heritage Centre", "World's Largest Single Marine Reserve Created in Pacific", "Pitcairn Islands get huge marine reserve", "Pitcairn Islands to get world's largest single marine reserve", "Ascension Island to become marine reserve", Outposts: Journeys to the Surviving Relics of the British Empire, Foreign and Commonwealth Office – UK Overseas Territories, British Overseas Territories Act 2002 – Text of the Act, Governors, civil commissioners, and administrators of British dependencies, Commissioner for the British Antarctic Territory, Commissioner for the British Indian Ocean Territory, Commissioner for South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Governor-General of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Governors of British South African colonies, Lieutenant-Governor of Demerara-Essequibo, Governor of Saint Christopher, Nevis and Anguilla, Governor-in-Chief of the Windward Islands, Governor-General of the West Indies Federation, Governor of Rhode-island and Providence Plantations, High Commissioner for the Federated Malay States, General Adviser to the Government of Johore, High Commissioners for Palestine and Transjordan, High Commissioner for the Western Pacific, Lieutenant Governor of the Swan River Colony, List of countries by English-speaking population, List of countries where English is an official language, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=British_Overseas_Territories&oldid=1000475700, Dependent territories of European countries, 1983 establishments in British Overseas Territories, Articles with dead external links from November 2016, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles lacking reliable references from June 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from April 2018, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2021, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from April 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2009, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from November 2020, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from November 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2010, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "A people of excellence, moulded by nature, nurtured by God". Falkland Islands 8. The UK exerts its formal control through a governor of each territory, appointed by the British Monarch. British Virgin Islands 6. Most British Overseas Territories are self-governing but rely on the UK in crucial matters of foreign policy etc. Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia, Capital: Plymouth (abandoned); Brades (center of government today). Geography of the Territories of the United States, Geography of the Windward and Leeward Islands, M.A., Geography, California State University - East Bay, B.A., English and Geography, California State University - Sacramento. With the exceptions of the British Antarctic Territory and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (which host only officials and research station staff) and the British Indian Ocean Territory (used as a military base), the Territories retain permanent civilian populations. The Queen's role in the territories is in her role as Queen of the United Kingdom, and not in right of each territory. They are remnants of the British Empire and do not form part of the United Kingdom itself. [33][34] The British Overseas Territories and Crown Dependencies are themselves distinct from the Commonwealth realms, a group of 16 independent countries (including the United Kingdom) each having Elizabeth II as their reigning monarch, and from the Commonwealth of Nations, a voluntary association of 53 countries mostly with historic links to the British Empire (which also includes all Commonwealth realms). British Overseas Territories and List of British flags are connected through Flag of Gibraltar, Coat of arms of Gibraltar, Red Ensign and more.. The clock is ticking, and all eyes are on London. The Union Flag is used in these territories. In territories with a permanent population, a Governor is appointed by the Queen on the advice of the British Government. Bermuda and Bermudians have played important, sometimes pivotal, but generally underestimated or unacknowledged roles in the shaping of the English and British trans-Atlantic Empires. As a British overseas territory, the British Virgin Islands must implement all international sanctions that are extended to it through legislative action by the UK government. They all have the British monarch as head of state. The inhabited territories compete in their own right at the Commonwealth Games, and three of the territories (Bermuda, the Cayman Islands and the British Virgin Islands) sent teams to the 2016 Summer Olympics. From the mid-nineteenth century to the early twentieth century, the larger settler colonies – in Canada, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa – first became self-governing colonies and then achieved independence in all matters except foreign policy, defence and trade. A British Overseas Territory is one of fourteen territories which the United Kingdom considers to be under its sovereignty, but not as part of the United Kingdom itself. Europe Why a no-deal Brexit has British Overseas Territories worried. Full British citizenship[64] has been granted to most 'belongers' of overseas territories (mainly since the British Overseas Territories Act 2002). [82] There are at least 180 endemic plant species in the overseas territories as opposed to only 12 on the UK mainland. For other uses, see Bots (disambiguation).. British Overseas Territories. [83], Two areas, Henderson Island in the Pitcairn Islands as well as the Gough and Inaccessible Islands of Tristan Da Cunha are listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites, and two other territories, the Turks and Caicos Islands, and Saint Helena are on the United Kingdom's tentative list for future UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The territory includes three regions which were administered independently as part of the Falkland Islands before 1962. [45] The Queen appoints a representative in each territory to exercise her executive power. Gibraltar was the only overseas territory that was part of the EU, although it was not part of the European Customs Union, the European Tax Policy, the European Statistics Zone or the Common Agriculture Policy. Commonwealth countries. Its offshoot, Bermuda, was settled inadvertently after the wrecking of the Virginia company's flagship there in 1609, with the Virginia Company's charter extended to officially include the archipelago in 1612. They are the parts of the British Empire that have not been granted independence or have voted to remain British territories. Saint Helena, Saint Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha, 7. Akrotiri and Dhekelia and Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha are the only British overseas territories without their own flag, though Saint Helena, Ascension Island and Tristan da Cunha have their own individual flags. A Joint Ministerial Council of UK ministers, and the leaders of the Overseas Territories has been held annually since 2012 to provide representation between UK Government departments and Overseas Territory Governments.[52]. The governors of the territories may also allow naturalization of non-BOTCs as BOTCs. Some territories maintain diplomatic officers in nearby countries for trade and immigration purposes. Only the latter grants the right of abode in a specific country or territory, namely, the United Kingdom proper which includes its three Crown Dependencies. It’s most prominent feature is the Rock of Gibraltar which is a large rock which dominates the entrance to the Mediterranian Sea. A 20-seat Legislative Assembly is elected by the people every four years to handle domestic affairs. The Sovereign Base Areas in Cyprus were never part of the European Union, but they are the only British overseas territory to use the euro as official currency. Page 23", "TCI Regiment gets its first commanding officer", "South Asia :: British Indian Ocean Territory — The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency", "British Indian Ocean Territory Currency", "Representing Britain...and Bermuda | Bermuda Olympics 2012", "Williams' Olympic hopes on hold for 4 more years", "At last! The British Overseas Territories are also referred to as overseas territories of the United Kingdom, UK overseas territories, or when the context is clear, … [1][2] They are remnants of the British Empire and do not form part of the United Kingdom itself. The role of the Governor is to act as the de facto head of state, and they are usually responsible for appointing the head of government, and senior political positions in the territory. The UK's mainland consists of the island of Great Britain (England, Scotland, and Wales) and Northern Ireland. A territory may issue belonger status to allow a person to reside in the territory that they have close links with. Commonwealth countries1. Area: 660,000 square miles (1,709,400 sq km), 3. Since they are separate jurisdictions, there is no British Overseas Territories' representation in the British parliament. Since then, many territories around the world have been under the control of the United Kingdom or its predecessor states. British Indian Ocean Territory 5. During the European Union (EU) membership of the UK the main body of EU law did not apply and, although certain slices of EU law were applied to the overseas territories as part of the EU's Association of Overseas Countries and Territories (OCT Association), they were not commonly enforceable in local courts. From 1949 to 1983, the nationality status of Citizenship of UK and Colonies (CUKC) was shared by residents of the UK proper and residents of overseas territories, although most residents of overseas territories lost their automatic right to live in the UK after the ratification of Commonwealth Immigrants Act 1968 that year unless they were born in the UK proper or had a parent or a grandparent born in the UK. Pitcairn Islands, settled by the survivors of the Mutiny on the Bounty, is the smallest settled territory with 49 inhabitants, while the smallest by land area is Gibraltar on the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula. In the case of Hong Kong before 1 July 1997, residents could (in some circumstances) register as British nationals overseas (BNO). Several of the territories in the Americas maintain membership within the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States, the Caribbean Community, the Caribbean Development Bank, Caribbean Disaster Emergency Management Agency, and the Association of Caribbean States. Im Jahr 2002 verabschiedete das Parlament des Vereinigten Königreiches den British … These territories are not officially a part of the UK, as most are self-governing (but they do remain under its jurisdiction). In addition, there are 14 overseas territories … 1. The territories are members of the Commonwealth of Nations through the United Kingdom. Permanent residency for the approximately 7,000 civilians living in the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia is limited to citizens of the Republic of Cyprus[citation needed]. The British originally took control of Gibraltar to control shipping and out of the Mediterranean Sea. For these residents, registration as full British citizens then required physical residence in the UK proper. Each overseas territory has been granted its own flag and coat of arms by the British monarch. Collectively, the Territories encompass a population of about 250,000 people[31] and a land area of about 1,700,000 square kilometres (660,000 sq mi). [61], Two national parties, UKIP and the Liberal Democrats, have endorsed calls for direct representation of overseas territories in the UK Parliament, as well as backbench members of the Conservative Party and Labour Party.[62][63]. Early colonies, in the sense of English subjects residing in lands hitherto outside the control of the English government, were generally known as "Plantations". financial contribution to recurrent funding). Most of the permanently inhabited territories are internally self-governing, with the UK retaining responsibility for defence and foreign relations. These and other large self-governing colonies had become known as Dominions by the 1920s. The United Kingdom Overseas Territories Association (UKOTA) also represents the interests of the territories in London. Great Britain used to control a quarter of the world, but today, they control a single autonomous region and 14 Overseas Territories. The British Overseas Territories generally look after their own policing matters and have their own police forces. [90], A Stoplight Parrotfish in Princess Alexandra Land and Sea National Park, Providenciales, Turks and Caicos Islands, Click on a coloured area to see an article about English in that country or region, "BOTs" redirects here. However, those changes only related to British citizenship, not other types of nationality covered by the 1981 Act, including British Overseas Territory citizenship. These include maritime commerce, settlement of the continent and of the West Indies, and the projection of naval power via the colony's privateers, among other areas.[39][40]. The UK exerts its formal control through a governor of each territory, appointed by the British Monarch. Below that are lists of university colleges and other recognised bodies (institutions with degree awarding powers), followed by a list of defunct institutions. Four years to handle domestic affairs to control shipping and out of Queen... Represent the Queen independent of the colonies remained under British Monarchy, formulating eventually into 2018... Day-To-Day running of the Antarctic Treaty system possible, there is no native or permanent population, Commissioner. 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