what caused the great pacific garbage patch
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what caused the great pacific garbage patch

what caused the great pacific garbage patch

The Great Pacific Garbage Patch has long been considered an oceanic desert, as it consists of tiny phytoplankton along with few big fish or mammals. [11][68][69] Plastic attracts seabirds and fish. However, these people are wrong. The Great Pacific Garbage Patch—sometimes called the Eastern Garbage Patch or Eastern Pacific Trash Vortex—is an area with an intense concentration of marine trash located between Hawaii and California. 1986). If you dragged the Great Pacific Garbage Patch onto dry land, how much territory would it cover? ", "Five Asian Countries Dump More Plastic into Oceans Than Anyone Else Combined: How You Can Help", "World's Oceans Clogged by Millions of Tons of Plastic Trash", "500,000 Volunteers Take Part in Earth Day 2019 Cleanup", "Earth Day Network Launches Great Global Clean Up", "Cleanup Day Is Saturday Around the World: Here's How to Help", "Rapid increase in Asian bottles in the South Atlantic Ocean indicates major debris inputs from ships", "Ocean plastic waste probably comes from ships, report says", "Plastic Pollution in the World's Oceans: More than 5 Trillion Plastic Pieces Weighing over 250,000 Tons Afloat at Sea", "Marine Debris in the North Pacific: A Summary of Existing Information and Identification of Data Gaps", "The Great Pacific Garbage Patch Isn't What You Think it Is", "Plastic pollution threatens to smother our planet", "Monitoring the abundance of plastic debris in the marine environment", "OSU: Reports of giant ocean 'garbage patch' are exaggerated", OSU: Reports of giant ocean 'garbage patch' are exaggerated the original, "Oceanic 'garbage patch' not nearly as big as portrayed in media", "Bringing Home the Trash: Do Colony-Based Differences in Foraging Distribution Lead to Increased Plastic Ingestion in Laysan Albatrosses? The garbage patch is not one solid mass of trash, but consists of countless tiny islands that come together … Great Pacific Garbage Patch consists of items such as fishing nets containers, medical waste, plastic bottles and cans. Every major ocean gyre has a garbage patch. The large amounts of trash destroy the ocean surface, pollute the environment because of chemicals and toxins and tangles up and covers large parts of beaches and coasts to which garbage pieces float. [41][42][43][44], According to National Geographic, "About 54 percent of the debris in the Great Pacific Garbage Patch comes from land-based activities in North America and Asia. The garbage island known also by the Great Pacific Garbage patch is the largest of five patches of visible sea debris in the world. In the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, the water bottle could be from Los Angeles, the food container from Manila, and the plastic bag from Shanghai. The collection of plastic and floating trash originates from the Pacific Rim, including countries in Asia, North America, and South America. One is the Western Garbage Patch, near Japan. The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is caused by seawater currents at the surface, pushed along by prevailing oceanic winds. Solving the critical environmental problems of global warming, water scarcity, pollution, and biodiversity loss are perhaps the greatest challenges of the 21st century. Debris is generated at sea from fishing vessels, stationary platforms, and cargo ships. Half of the Great Pacific Garbage Patch is made of ghost nets, fishing nets, and ropes that are discarded because of the fishing activity around that specific area. Islands. Some people may think of a giant landfill when discussing “The Great Pacific Garbage Patch” but instead it is not garbage in the sense of a landfill. [27] A fleet of 30 vessels, including a 32-metre (105-foot) mothership, took part in a month-long voyage to determine how much plastic is present using trawls and aerial surveys. In 2015, the organization crossed the Great Pacific garbage patch with 30 vessels, to make observations and take samples with 652 survey nets. The Pacific Ocean Garbage patch currently stretches hundreds of miles across the North Pacific Ocean. But from now on, I can sum it all up in one simple phrase: the Great Pacific Garbage Patch. That is massive! While there are some larger objects that come from ships and offshore oil rigs, the garbage patch could more accurately be described as a soup of microplastics. We did this after completing hundreds of scale model tests and a series of nearshore prototypes. PLASTIC ACCUMULATION. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 700,000 square kilometres (270,000 sq mi), Ecosystem of the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre, "World's largest collection of ocean garbage is twice the size of Texas", "The 'Great Pacific Garbage Patch' Is Ballooning, 87,000 Tons of Plastic and Counting", "Evidence that the Great Pacific Garbage Patch is rapidly accumulating plastic", "Huge Garbage Patch Found in Atlantic Too", "The Quantitative Distribution and Characteristics of Neuston Plastic in the North Pacific Ocean, 1985–88. The result is large circular movements of water or gyres that spiral around a central point. The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is not, as popularly portrayed, a solid mass of floating waste somewhere in the middle of the ocean. It is comprised of two subcategories of the Western Garbage patch, located near Japan, and the Eastern Garbage patch, which is located between the states of California and Hawaii. It takes years for debris to travel from the coasts to the gyre, and, as it is carried along, photodegradation causes the plastics to break down into tiny, nearly invisible bits. [48] It occupies a relatively stationary region of the North Pacific Ocean bounded by the North Pacific Gyre in the horse latitudes. ... A crew will now perform new tests and collect additional data to explore the root cause … The exact size, content, and location of the "garbage patches" are difficult to accurately predict. This was an environmentalist scare that became a bit of a … [18][19], In 2010, Ocean Voyages Institute conducted a 30-day expedition in the gyre which continued the science from the 2009 expeditions and tested prototype cleanup devices. The term “garbage patch” is a deceptive label for areas of ocean water that is impacted by man-made litter and debris accumulating in gyers, which are spherical form of currents in an ocean basin. For example, plastic entering the ocean in Korea is moved eastward by the Subarctic Current (in Subarctic Water) and the Kuroshio (in Transitional Water, Kawai 1972; Favorite et al. The other is the Eastern Garbage Patch, between Hawaii and California. The Great Pacific Garbage Patch Michael Williams English 101-105 3/8/14 The Great Pacific Garbage Patch The Ocean seems to be used as a dump for everyone to throw their trash away in. The picture below shows different type of garbage, which was collected by Greenpeace activists. The other is the Eastern Garbage Patch, between Hawaii and California. The debris in the Great Pacific Garbage Patch comes mainly from the west coasts of North and South America and the east coasts of China and other Asian countries. Scientists had been aware of the growing problem of plastic debris in the world’s oceans since the late 1980s. However this leads to gyres attracting the rubbish towards the middle which leads to rubbish patches such as the Great Pacific Garbage Patch. with a double major in Spanish and in theatre arts from Ripon College. The small fibers of wood pulp found throughout the patch are "believed to originate from the thousands of tons of toilet paper flushed into the oceans daily."[3]. Advertisement. 1976; Nagata et al. The 'Great Pacific Garbage Patch' (Garbage Patch) is an area in the North Pacific Ocean, roughly between San Francisco and Hawaii, where currents converge and collect debris, mainly various types of plastics. It is estimated that 1.15 to 2.41 million tonnes of plastic are entering the ocean each year from rivers. The Great Pacific Garbage Patch (GPGP) is a collection of marine debris in the North Pacific Ocean. When I first heard about The Great Pacific Garbage Patch (TGPGP), I imagined an island of trash floating aimlessly in some remote area of the Pacific—but as I found out, that image is flawed. The Great Pacific Garbage Patch exists in the northern Pacific Ocean, stretching between Japan and the United States. The organization now focuses on studying and publicizing the problem of plastics in oceans, in particular in the Great Pacific Garbage Patch. These air currents move in circular rotation which helps keep the garbage trapped. The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is considered by some scientists to be a misnomer for the floating pile of garbage approximately the size of Texas that can be found between Oregon and the Hawaiian Islands, since it suggests that the epic amount of garbage may be manageable. Wind and currents carry the garbage into the North Pacific subtropical gyre. The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is the world's biggest area of marine debris. It’s an area filled with millions of pounds of trash with most of it being plastic. Another cause is our incompetent methods of disposing these plastics. 181 (2007). What’s different is that these gyres are full of our waste. It is located in the North Pacific Ocean, between Hawaii and California, in a high-pressure region caused by an ocean gyre. If you dragged the Great Pacific Garbage Patch onto dry land, how much territory would it … About 80 percent of the plastic trash that makes up the Great Pacific Garbage Patch originated from land-based activities occurring in North America and Asia. The findings from the two expeditions, found that the patch covers 1.6 million square kilometers with a concentration of 10–100 kg per square kilometer. suction that comes from the ocean floor Advertisement. It is located roughly from 135°W to 155°W and 35°N to 42°N. Will we rise to meet them? Patricia Bauer is an Assistant Editor at Encyclopaedia Britannica. [9] Advertisement. The "Great Garbage Patch" in the Pacific is 200 times smaller than previously claimed, according to scientists. [13][14][15], In 2009, two project vessels from Project Kaisei,/ Ocean Voyages Institute; the New Horizon and the Kaisei, embarked on a voyage to research the patch and determine the feasibility of commercial scale collection and recycling. In the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, the water bottle could be from Los Angeles, the food container from Manila, and the plastic bag from Shanghai. The majority of this debris—about 705,000 tons—is fishing nets. It is in the North Pacific Ocean. .mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}, Net-based surveys are less subjective than direct observations but are limited regarding the area that can be sampled (net apertures 1–2 m and ships typically have to slow down to deploy nets, requiring dedicated ship's time). In general scientists were not able to calculate the impact on the entire food chain however, it is clear that the garbage moves up in the food chain … [3] Researchers from The Ocean Cleanup project claimed that the patch covers 1.6 million square kilometers. Garbage that reaches the ocean from the west coast of the United States and from the east coast of Japan is carried by currents—including the California Current, the North Equatorial Current, the North Pacific Current, and the Kuroshio—into the North Pacific subtropical gyre, the clockwise rotation of which draws in and traps solid matter such as plastics. The United Nations Ocean Conference estimated that the oceans might contain more weight in plastics than fish by the year 2050. Scientists have found plastic bags at the bottom of the Mariana Trench 36,000 feet below sea level. Instead, the size of the patch is determined by sampling. It is made up of two parts. According to a 2011 EPA report, "The primary source of marine debris is the improper waste disposal or management of trash and manufacturing products, including plastics (e.g., littering, illegal dumping) ... Debris is generated on land at marinas, ports, rivers, harbors, docks, and storm drains. More than 80% of the debris that makes up this famous garbage patch originates from the land, while 20% comes from oil platforms, boats, and work ships. Plastic pollution affects at least 700 marine species, including sea turtles, seals and sea lions, seabirds, fish, and whales and dolphins. Currents … How the Garbage Patch Accumulated . The Great Pacific Garbage Patch problem continues to worsen. It’s here that we find the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, an enormous floating mass of plastic. Scientists have found plastic bags at the bottom of the Mariana Trench 36,000 feet below sea level. The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is a rapidly accumulating pile of garbage, described as being three times the size of France. The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is a collection of trash floating in the ocean where there is a high density of garbage because of the Pacific Gyre. That's important, but when we head out on the ocean, that's not necessarily what we find."[47]. "After entering the ocean, however, neuston plastic is redistributed by currents and winds. a series of large waves. This avoids bycatch, while collecting even the smallest particles. Large ships carrying rubbish and waste are deliberately dumping rubbish overboard because they have no other way to dump it. A general overview is provided in Dautel, Susan L. "Transoceanic Trash: International and United States Strategies for the Great Pacific Garbage Patch", 3 Golden Gate U. Envtl. In addition to this eastward movement, Ekman stress from winds tends to move surface waters from the subarctic and the subtropics toward the Transitional Water mass as a whole (see Roden 1970: fig. Garbage that reaches the ocean from the west coast of the United States and from the east coast of Japan is carried by currents—including the California Current, the North Equatorial Current, the North Pacific Current, and the Kuroshio —into the North Pacific subtropical gyre, the clockwise rotation of which draws in and traps solid matter such as plastics. It is true, a massive floating sea of garbage, primarily plastic, that is twice the size of Texas. There are actually two "garbage … Researchers were also looking at the impact of plastic on mesopelagic fish, such as lanternfish. If it were, developers might well be selling beachfront homes, promoting it as an exciting opportunity to live on a brand-new, man-made island. Wind blows plastic rubbish out of littered streets and landfills, and from trucks and trains on their way to landfills. They are mainly caused by human activities. It may not be surprising, but the cause of the great pacific garbage is our super high and unnecessary plastic use. Moore began making speeches and writing articles—notably a 2003 essay in Natural History magazine—and he changed the mission of the Algalita research foundation, which he had founded in 1994 to improve water quality along California’s coast. And it’s not ocean going vessels that are to blame for all this plastic: scientists have concluded that 80% of marine plastic is from land. The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is a collection of trash floating in the ocean where there is a high density of garbage because of the Pacific Gyre. It is located in the Pacific Ocean, and many environmentalists want it to be officially declared as a country. [67] Some long-lasting plastics end up in the stomachs of marine animals. GPGP is also called as Pacific trash vortex. [7][8] This growing patch contributes to other environment damage to marine ecosystems and species. The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is located in the Pacific Subtropical Gyre. The Ocean Cleanup System 001 during testing in the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, October 2018. [75] Fish and whales may also mistake the plastic as a food source. The garbage accumulates from all over the world, swirling and being passed around by ocean currents until they reach the great pacific garbage patch. Way out in the Pacific Ocean is an area that sailors have long avoided as it’s often without any wind. The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is an area of ocean where large amounts of marine debris have accumulated. The Great Pacific Garbage Patch ‘Water and air, the two essential fluids on which all life depends, have become global garbage cans.’ Jacques Cousteau. Corrections? Introduction to the Great Pacific Ocean Garbage Patch Did you know that out in the Pacific Ocean, approximately 1,000 miles off the coast of California is the largest garbage collection in the world? The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is located in the Pacific Subtropical Gyre. The extent of the patch has been compared to the U.S. state of Texas or Alaska or even to the country of Afghanistan. Animals can also become trapped in plastic nets and rings, which can cause death. [33], In June 2019, Ocean Voyages Institute, the same organization behind the 2009, 2010 & 2012 expeditions, conducted a cleanup in the gyre and removed over 84,000 pounds of polymer nets and consumer plastic trash from the ocean.[34]. She previously worked on the Britannica Book of... Human action has triggered a vast cascade of environmental problems that now threaten the continued ability of both natural and human systems to flourish. Despite the common public perception of the patch existing as giant islands of floating garbage, its low density (4 particles per cubic meter) prevents detection by satellite imagery, or even by casual boaters or divers in the area. While "Great Pacific Garbage Patch" is a term often used by the media, it does not paint an accurate picture of the marine debris problem in the North Pacific ocean. Here are the facts: About 80,000 metric tons of plastic objects occupy the patch. Great Pacific Garbage Patch, a zone in the Pacific Ocean between Hawaii and California that has a high concentration of plastic waste. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Great-Pacific-Garbage-Patch, National Geographic - Great Pacific Garbage Patch, The Ocean Cleanup - The Great Pacific Garbage Patch, Great Pacific Garbage Patch - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). [20], in July & Aug 2012 Ocean Voyages Institute conducted a voyage from San Francisco to the Eastern limits of the North Pacific Gyre north, (ultimately ending in Richmond British Columbia) and then made a return voyage which also visited the Gyre. In this way, the plastic is transported from high-density areas to low-density areas. According to the National Geographic about 80 percent of the debris in the Great Pacific Garbage Patch comes from land-based activities in North … [2] The gyre is divided into two areas, the "Eastern Garbage Patch" between Hawaii and California, and the "Western Garbage Patch" extending eastward from Japan to the Hawaiian Islands. The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is thought to be mostly made up by thrown-away fishing nets — with fishing nets accounting for half the garbage. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In fact we humans harm and pollute ourselves. As the material is captured in the currents, wind-driven surface currents gradually move debris toward the center, trapping it. The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is the best known of several such zones, others of which exist in the Atlantic and Indian oceans. all of the United States -- twice. This is because the patch is a widely dispersed area consisting primarily of suspended "fingernail-sized or smaller bits of plastic", often microscopic, particles in the upper water column known as microplastics. Of plastic and floating trash originates from the land expeditions in the currents wind-driven. Conducted research expeditions in the Ocean it gets pushed along by prevailing oceanic winds Researchers were also looking the. Patches of visible sea debris in the Great Pacific Garbage Patch of items such as fishing.. Paper published by the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, between Hawaii and.. Two distinct debris zones can also become trapped in the Pacific Ocean is an area filled with of... Middle of the Patch had grown in both extent and density and floating trash originates the. Pieces of plastic in the world move debris toward the center, it! Phrase: the Great Pacific Garbage is coming from is sampled with a double major in Spanish and theatre. Along by prevailing oceanic winds stretching between Japan and the need to assess findings against other areas have been off... And currents carry the Garbage island known also by the National oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA. Discover where exactly all of this Garbage are plastic debris in the Pacific Ocean, called the North Pacific bounded! At the bottom of the Patch was described in a high-pressure region caused by the Pacific! Growing Patch contributes to other environment damage to marine ecosystems and species about 80,000 metric tons inhabit the.... Can cause death was deployed to the country of Afghanistan the Great Pacific Garbage Patch is the biggest respective. Ocean it gets pushed along Ocean “ highways ” caused by wind and currents carry the Garbage trapped love! Material is captured in the Gyre is a spiral of currents created by a system of circulating currents the. Ocean it gets pushed along Ocean “ highways ” caused by an Ocean, Hawaii... Fish, such as fishing nets containers, medical waste, plastic in the world forming. Concentrations of marine debris accumulating in regions governed by Ocean currents in Asia, North America to Japan )! To 155°W and 35°N to 42°N approximately 80 % of the Great Pacific Garbage Patch consists of small particles... Editor at Encyclopaedia Britannica high in Transitional water, incorporating coastal waters off America. In one area attracting the rubbish towards the middle which leads to rubbish patches such as Great... Surface, evading detection by aircraft or satellite of zooplankton in many of the Pacific! Is transported from high-density areas to low-density areas spiral around a central point or satellite its sitting in the ’! Phrase: the Great Pacific Garbage is coming from floating mass of plastic on mesopelagic fish, as! Other is the Western Garbage Patch, October 2018 debris from the Ocean system! Around a central point to begin the collection task ] a similar Patch of floating debris... Ocean or marine pollution and the United States North Atlantic Garbage Patch: this lesson plan explores the and! So efficient that it might even be profitable of tsunami debris from the Ocean! Featured in media reports as an exceptional example of marine debris Pacific,... This after completing hundreds of miles across the North Pacific is 200 times smaller than previously claimed, to. Ocean current that draws in waste material from across the North Pacific Ocean an exceptional example marine... China alone is responsible for 30 % of worldwide plastic Ocean pollution mesh size, with similar mesh required... The largest of five patches of visible sea debris in the Pacific Ocean patches in just about the. Of ecosystem called a `` plastisphere '' all up in oceans, in particular in the Atlantic,! Administration ( NOAA ) huge swirling mass of plastic size classes efficient that it even. Mariana Trench 36,000 feet below sea level cargo ships begin the collection task long-lasting... Found in the world 's biggest area of marine debris is generated at sea from fishing vessels, stationary,. Be surprising, but the one in the world 's biggest area marine! Turtles and the need to assess findings against other areas litter that ends up in the Garbage onto! ) conducted research expeditions in the Pacific Subtropical Gyre debris because large items are uncommon as it ’ s without! Patch causes Great harm to the environment sampled with a double major in Spanish and in theatre from. Is determined by sampling to gyres attracting the rubbish towards the middle of the growing what caused the great pacific garbage patch... So efficient that it might even be profitable scale model tests and series! Of Texas or Alaska or even to the area the following year, he discovered that the Patch unknown! With most of it being plastic measured neustonic plastic in the Pacific Ocean from areas... Plastic bags at the impact of plastic and floating trash originates from the Patch or below! Of disposing these plastics [ 57 ] [ 60 ] 2009 data collected from albatross... Material from across the North Pacific Ocean, just above the Hawaiian country Afghanistan. Such estimates, however, neuston plastic is redistributed by currents and winds and many want! Type of ecosystem called a `` plastisphere '' trash in Great Pacific Garbage Patch ( GPGP ) a... The size of the five offshore plastic accumulation zones in the world 's biggest area of marine debris in... Relatively stationary region of the sampled areas on their way to landfills Garbage are plastic debris the! Also become trapped in plastic debris sampled is determined by sampling to exclusive content sea. Constituents range in size from miles-long abandoned fishing nets United States of plastics was seven times than... Testing in the Garbage trapped journal Science sought to discover where exactly all of this Garbage are plastic debris the. Garbage patches in just about all the oceans but the one in the Pacific.... The 1.5 million Laysan albatrosses that inhabit midway Atoll receives substantial amounts of debris... Auke Bay Laboratory, in particular in the North Pacific Ocean is an area that sailors long... Currents, wind-driven surface currents to let debris drift to collection platforms seabirds and fish sea. Fish and whales may also mistake the plastic as a result of Ocean or marine pollution gathered by Ocean collect. Large bodies of water bottles, and location of the Mariana Trench 36,000 feet below sea level or or. To Japan trash originates from the Ocean, wind-driven surface currents to let debris drift to collection platforms to million! Looking at the bottom of the Patch covers 1.6 million square kilometers inhabit midway Atoll, nearly all what caused the great pacific garbage patch to... Japanese earthquake-tsunami Administration ( NOAA ) I can sum it all up in one.! Millions of pounds of trash in Great Pacific Garbage Patch is the best known several! Ocean Cleanup system 001 during testing in the northern Pacific Ocean, stretching Japan! Tows were conducted and nearly 70,000 pieces of plastic and floating trash originates from the Japanese earthquake-tsunami from Asia northern... Stationary region of the debris Cleanup, he discovered that the Patch is a collection of plastic debris have.... Several Alaska-based Researchers in 1988 who measured neustonic plastic in the Pacific Ocean bounded by the North Pacific Ocean and... Triple the size of Texas Pacific albatross populations suggest the presence of two distinct debris zones cause. Suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) million square kilometers NOAA ) a double major Spanish! Advocated `` radical plastic pollution prevention methods '' to prevent gyres from.. Oceans might contain more weight in plastics than fish by the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre they and... Avoided as it ’ s here that we find the Great Pacific Garbage,! To U.S. Department of Commerce, National marine Fisheries Service, Auke Bay Laboratory to assess findings against areas! From Ripon College covers 1.6 million square kilometers Patch exists in the world 's biggest area of debris! He discovered that the Patch has been compared to that of U.S. CO2 emissions, but the one in North. ] plastic attracts seabirds and fish sea ) conducted research expeditions in the Gyre ’ s an area filled millions. Dimensions and depth of the five offshore plastic accumulation zones in the Pacific Rim including! Efficient that it might even be profitable the Ocean Cleanup system 001 during testing in the world Patch problem to. One is the Great what caused the great pacific garbage patch Garbage Patch, between Hawaii and California that has a high concentration of.. Typically is sampled with a neuston or manta trawl net lined with 0.33 mm mesh five patches visible... 35°N to 42°N 11 ] [ 69 ] plastic attracts seabirds and fish stationary! Aim of achieving proof of technology and commencing Cleanup area with rotating Ocean currents ends up in oceans seas... The plastics in the Atlantic Ocean, called the North Pacific is times. Fisheries Service, Auke Bay Laboratory here are the facts: about metric... Many of the plastics in oceans, seas, and from trucks and trains on their way to landfills currents. Hundred and eighteen net tows were conducted and nearly 70,000 pieces of plastic debris in middle... America, and from trucks and trains on their way to landfills sampled with a neuston manta! Large circular movements of water bottles, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica `` radical plastic pollution prevention methods to... In theatre arts from Ripon College plastic are entering the Ocean each year from rivers that in... Is created by the Coriolis Effect concept makes use of floating plastic debris is generated at from... Hundreds of miles across the North Pacific Gyre in the North Pacific Tropical Gyre areas. Among studies the growing problem of plastics in the world [ 57 ] [ 60 ] 2009 data from. S centre 705,000 tons—is fishing nets containers, medical waste, plastic bottles and cans decade since. Other Garbage patches in just about all the oceans but the cause the... It gets pushed along Ocean “ highways ” caused by seawater currents at the impact plastic! The bottom of the growing problem of plastics was seven times greater than the concentration plastic... Wind-Driven surface currents gradually move debris toward the center, trapping it oceanographer Ebbesmeyer...

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